Three-Dimensional Imaging in Orthodontics

Turk J Orthod. 2018 Sep;31(3):86-94. doi: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2018.17041. Epub 2018 Apr 11.


Orthodontic records are one of the main milestones in orthodontic therapy. Records are essential not only for diagnosis and treatment planning but also for follow-up of the case, communicating with colleagues, and evaluating the treatment outcomes. Recently, two-dimensional (2D) imaging technology, such as cephalometric and panoramic radiographs and photographs, and plaster models were routinely used. However, after the introduction of three-dimensional (3D) technologies (laser scanner, stereophotogrammetry, and computed tomography) into dentistry, 3D imaging systems are more and more commonly preferred than 2D, especially in cases with craniofacial deformities. In fact, 3D imaging provided more detailed and realistic diagnostic information about the craniofacial hard as well as soft tissue and allowed to perform easier, faster, and more reliable 3D analyses. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the 3D imaging techniques, including their advantages and disadvantages, and to outline the indications for 3D imaging.

Keywords: Three-dimensional; computed tomography; imaging; laser scanner; orthodontics; stereophotogrammetry.

Publication types

  • Review