The morphology and dimensions of bioactive materials are essential attributes to promote tissue culture. Bioactive materials with nanofibrous structure have excellent potential to be used as bone-defect fillers, since they mimic the collagen in the extracellular matrix. On the other hand, bioactive glasses with applications in regenerative medicine may present antibacterial properties, which depend on glass composition, concentration and the microorganisms tested. Likewise, their morphology may influence their antibacterial activity too. In the present work, the laser-spinning technique was used to produce bioactive glass nanofibers of two different compositions: 45S5 Bioglass® and ICIE16M, bioactive glass doped with zinc and strontium. Their antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus was tested by culturing them in dynamic conditions. Bacterial growth index profiles during the first days of experiment can be explained by the variations in the pH values of the media. The bactericidal effect of the doped nanofibers at longer times is justified by the release of zinc and strontium ions. Cytotoxicity was analyzed by means of cell viability tests performed with BALB/3T3 cell line.
Keywords: Bioactive glass; antibacterial property; doped nanofiber; laser-spinning; strontium; zinc.