Teaching Children With Autism to Tie Their Shoes Using Video Prompt-Models and Backward Chaining

Dev Neurorehabil. 2019 Nov;22(8):509-515. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1518349. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Abstract

Video-Based Interventions (VBIs) are those that make use of pre-recorded video footage to assist in the acquisition of a variety of skills and behaviours. This study examined one type of VBI, video prompting, and its effectiveness when combined with backward chaining. Prior research suggests that both VBIs and backward chaining are effective intervention methods for skill acquisition. Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, this experiment expands the current literature by thoroughlyexamining backward chaining and a VBI for the acquisition of the shoe-tying behavior in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The results obtained from this study support prior research that VBIs are effective and their effectiveness is influenced by a number of factors. We also found that majority of the participants were able to retain their newly acquired behaviors one week after achieving mastery.

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorders; chaining; functional life skill; shoe tying; video-based interventions.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Autistic Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Skills
  • Shoes*
  • Video Recording / methods*