Daily or On-Demand Oral Tenofovir Disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine for HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: Experience From a Hospital-Based Clinic in France

AIDS. 2018 Sep 24;32(15):2161-2169. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001939.

Abstract

Background: On-demand oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) has been approved for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in MSM in France following the results of clinical studies, but data are limited on real-world experience.

Design: A single-center, open-label, prospective cohort study that recruited people at high risk of HIV infection in Paris.

Methods: Participants were enrolled in a single hospital-based outpatient clinic and were proposed to start PrEP with daily or on demand TDF/FTC. At baseline and every 3 months thereafter, patients were tested for HIV and creatinine plasma levels, and data on sexual behavior, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tolerability were collected.

Results: From 10 November 2015 to 30 April 2017, 1069 patients were screened and 1049 (98.1%) started PrEP. Median age was 36 years, 99.4% were MSM with a median number of partners of 10, and 793 (75.6%) opted for on demand PrEP. Over 486 person-years of follow-up, four HIV-infections were diagnosed in poorly or nonadherent patients (incidence 0.82/100 person-years). Rate of condomless sex at last intercourse increased from 53.3% at baseline to 79% at month 12 (P < 10), but increase in bacterial STI rates was modest (14.6% at baseline vs. 19.2% at month 12; P < 10). Most adverse events were gastrointestinal and did not lead to PrEP discontinuation.

Conclusions: Most PrEP users were high-risk MSM and opted for on-demand PrEP. PrEP use was associated with a low HIV incidence and a high rate of condomless sex with a modest increase in bacterial STIs.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Anti-HIV Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Chemoprevention / methods*
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / epidemiology
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / pathology
  • Emtricitabine / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Outpatients
  • Paris
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / methods*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Tenofovir / administration & dosage*

Substances

  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Tenofovir
  • Emtricitabine