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. 2018 Oct;65(5):941-954.
doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2018.05.004.

Early Childhood Caries


Early Childhood Caries

Wan Kim Seow. Pediatr Clin North Am. .


Early childhood caries (ECC) is a common childhood disease with highest prevalence found in poor, socially disadvantaged, and minority groups. The main risk factors for ECC are frequent sugar consumption, lack of tooth brushing, and enamel hypoplasia. Contributory factors include environmental and psychosocial stresses that modify caregiver behaviors. Strategies for prevention include preventing mutans streptococci transmission, restricting dietary sugars, tooth brushing, topical fluoride applications, and early dental examinations. This article provides an overview of ECC based on current understanding of its cause, prevention, and management.

Keywords: Early childhood caries; Preschool children; Prevention; Primary dentition; Streptococcus mutans.

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