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Review
. 2018 Sep 17;20(11):100.
doi: 10.1007/s11920-018-0968-x.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Transitional Aged Youth

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Review

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Transitional Aged Youth

Timothy E Wilens et al. Curr Psychiatry Rep. .

Abstract

Purpose of review: Extensive research has been conducted on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults; however, less is known about ADHD during the transition from childhood to adulthood. Transitional aged youth (TAY) with ADHD represents a particularly vulnerable population as their newfound independence and responsibility often coincides with the development of comorbid disorders. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of TAY-ADHD.

Recent findings: Recent studies discovering ADHD symptoms emerging in TAY call the classification of ADHD as a disorder necessarily developing in childhood into question. TAY-ADHD are also shown to be vulnerable to academic and social impairments, increased risky behavior, and comorbid psychiatric disorders. Due to the risk of stimulant diversion in TAY, providers are advised to take precaution when prescribing medication to this population. Recent studies demonstrating the efficacy of psychotherapy in conjunction with non-stimulant or extended release stimulant medication provide a feasible alternative. This review highlights research on the course and evaluation of ADHD, impairments and comorbidities specific to TAY, and treatments tailored to address the unique challenges associated with TAY-ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD; ADHD treatment; Adolescents; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; TAY; Transitional aged youth.

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