Tobacco and alcohol are often co-abused. Nicotine can enhance alcoholic fatty liver, and CYP2A6 (CYP2A5 in mice), a major metabolism enzyme for nicotine, can be induced by alcohol. CYP2A5 knockout (cyp2a5-/-) mice and their littermates (cyp2a5+/+) were used to test whether CYP2A5 has an effect on nicotine-enhanced alcoholic fatty liver. The results showed that alcoholic fatty liver was enhanced by nicotine in cyp2a5+/+ mice but not in the cyp2a5-/- mice. Combination of ethanol and nicotine increased serum triglyceride in cyp2a5+/+ mice but not in the cyp2a5-/- mice. Cotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine, also enhanced alcoholic fatty liver, which was also observed in cyp2a5+/+ mice but not in the cyp2a5-/- mice. Nitrotyrosine and malondialdehyde (MDA), markers of oxidative/nitrosative stress, were induced by alcohol and were further increased by nicotine and cotinine in cyp2a5+/+ mice but not in the cyp2a5-/- mice. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during microsomal metabolism of nicotine and cotinine was increased in microsomes from cyp2a5+/+ mice but not in microsomes from cyp2a5-/- mice. These results suggest that nicotine enhances alcoholic fatty liver in a CYP2A5-dependent manner, which is related to ROS produced during the process of CYP2A5-dependent nicotine metabolism.
Keywords: CYP2A6; Cotinine; Metabolism; Oxidative stress; Reactive oxygen species; Triglyceride.
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