Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 158, 353-370

Identification of Dual Sigma1 Receptor Modulators/Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors With Antioxidant and Neurotrophic Properties, as Neuroprotective Agents

Affiliations

Identification of Dual Sigma1 Receptor Modulators/Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors With Antioxidant and Neurotrophic Properties, as Neuroprotective Agents

Marta Rui et al. Eur J Med Chem.

Abstract

In this manuscript we report on the design, synthesis and evaluation of dual Sigma 1 Receptor (S1R) modulators/Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors endowed with antioxidant and neurotrophic properties, potentially able to counteract neurodegeneration. The compounds based on arylalkylaminoketone scaffold integrate the pharmacophoric elements of RRC-33, a S1R modulator developed by us, donepezil, a well-known AChE inhibitor, and curcumin, a natural antioxidant compound with neuroprotective properties. A small library of compounds was synthesized and preliminary in vitro screening performed. Some compounds showed good S1R binding affinity, selectivity towards S2R and N-Methyl-d-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor, AChE relevant inhibiting activity and are potentially able to bypass the BBB, as predicted by the in silico study. For the hits 10 and 20, the antioxidant profile was assessed in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell lines by evaluating their protective effect against H2O2 cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Tested compounds resulted effective in decreasing ROS production, thus ameliorating the cellular survival. Moreover, compounds 10 and 20 showed to be effective in promoting the neurite elongation of Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG), thus demonstrating a promising neurotrophic activity. Of note, the tested compounds did not show any cytotoxic effect at the concentration assayed. Relying on these encouraging results, both compounds will undergo a structure optimization program for the development of therapeutic candidates for neurodegenerative diseases treatment.

Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; Antioxidant properties; Neuroprotective agents; Neurotrophic properties; Sigma 1 receptor.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback