Neutrophilic urticarial dermatosis (NUD) is a rare form of dermatosis. In clinical terms, it consists of a chronic or recurrent eruption comprising slightly elevated, pink to reddish plaques or macules. The elementary lesion lasts 24 to 48hours and resolves without leaving any residual pigmentation. Extra-cutaneous signs are common, particularly fever or arthralgia. At histopathology, the dermis contains dense neutrophilic interstitial infiltrate with leukocytoclasis, but without fibrinoid necrosis of vessel walls. NUD often occurs in a setting of underlying systemic disease. The most commonly associated diseases are adult-onset Still's disease, Schnitzler syndrome, lupus erythematosus and cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes. Treatment of NUD depends on the clinical context. Dapsone and colchicine are often effective.
Keywords: Adult-onset Still's disease; Dermatose neutrophilique; Dermatose neutrophilique urticarienne; Lupus erythematosus; Lupus érythémateux; Maladie de Still de l’adulte; Neutrophilic dermatosis; Neutrophilic urticarial dermatosis; Schnitzler syndrome; Syndrome de Schnitzler; Urticaire; Urticaria.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.