Objective: To determine whether Calmer Life (CL) improved worry, generalized anxiety disorder-related (GAD-related) symptoms, anxiety, depression, sleep, trauma-related symptoms, functional status, and quality of life better than Enhanced Community Care with Resource Counseling (ECC-RC) at 6 months and 9 months.
Methods: A randomized, controlled, comparative-effectiveness study involving underserved, low-income, mostly minority neighborhoods in Houston, Texas, looked at individuals ≥50 with significant worry and interest in psychosocial treatment. Interventions were CL, cognitive behavioral therapy with resource counseling, facilitation of communication with primary care providers about worry/anxiety, integration of religion/spirituality, person-centered skill content and delivery and nontraditional community providers, ECC-RC, and enhanced standard community-based information/ resource counseling addressing basic unmet and mental health needs. Primary outcomes were worry and GAD-related symptom severity. Secondary outcomes were anxiety, depression, sleep difficulties, trauma-related symptoms, functional status, quality of life, service use and satisfaction.
Results: Similar, moderate improvements followed CL and ECC-RC on worry, GAD-related symptoms, anxiety, depression, sleep, trauma-related symptoms, and mental health quality of life at 6 and 9 months, but with symptoms at both times and higher satisfaction with CL at both. Fewer ECC-RC participants reported a hospital admission in the prior 3 months than those in CL at 6 and 9 months; at 9 months, fewer reported a visit with a provider in the previous 3 months.
Conclusion: Both interventions showed similar improvements at 6 and 9 months, but symptoms remained that might require care. Either intervention or a combination may be useful for low-income older adults with identified worry/anxiety.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02391363.
Keywords: African Americans; Cognitive behavior therapy; minority; older adults; randomized controlled trial.
Published by Elsevier Inc.