The clinical imaging modalities available to investigate pediatric pulmonary conditions such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, and asthma are limited primarily to chest x-ray radiograph and computed tomography. As the challenges that historically limited the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the lung have been overcome, its clinical potential has greatly expanded. In this review article, recent advances in pulmonary MRI including ultrashort echo time and hyperpolarized-gas MRI techniques are discussed with an emphasis on pediatric research and translational applications.
Keywords: MRI; Pediatrics; Pulmonary.
Copyright © 2018 The Association of University Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.