Structural and Functional Pulmonary Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Pediatrics-From the Neonate to the Young Adult

Acad Radiol. 2019 Mar;26(3):424-430. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2018.08.006. Epub 2018 Sep 15.


The clinical imaging modalities available to investigate pediatric pulmonary conditions such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, and asthma are limited primarily to chest x-ray radiograph and computed tomography. As the challenges that historically limited the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the lung have been overcome, its clinical potential has greatly expanded. In this review article, recent advances in pulmonary MRI including ultrashort echo time and hyperpolarized-gas MRI techniques are discussed with an emphasis on pediatric research and translational applications.

Keywords: MRI; Pediatrics; Pulmonary.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung / physiology*
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Young Adult