Mo Med. 2018 May-Jun;115(3):206-210.


A complaint of dysphagia suggests difficulty in swallowing and is characterized based on the symptoms and location of pathology. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is typically due to difficulty initiating a swallow and is generally due to structural, anatomic or neuromuscular abnormalities. Esophageal dysphagia arises after the swallow and causes include intrinsic structural pathology, extrinsic compression, or disruption in normal motility. Etiologies, methods of evaluation, and management options of dysphagia are reviewed here.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Symptom Assessment / methods*