Purpose: Although social deprivation is acknowledged to influence physical and mental health in adults, it is unclear if and how social deprivation influences perceived health in children. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of social deprivation on Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores in children presenting for treatment of upper extremity fractures.
Methods: This cross-sectional evaluation analyzed data from 975 new pediatric patients (8-17 years old) with upper extremity fractures presenting to a tertiary orthopedic center between June 1, 2016, and June 1, 2017. They completed self-administered PROMIS Computer Adaptive Tests (CATs). The Area Deprivation Index was used to quantify social deprivation. Bivariate statistical analysis determined the effect of disparate area deprivation (based on most and least deprived national quartiles) for the entire population.
Results: A total of 327 children (34%) lived in areas categorized as the most socially deprived quartile of the United States, whereas 202 (21%) arrived from homes in the least socially deprived quartile. Children in the most deprived quartile had significantly worse mean PROMIS Upper Extremity Function, Mobility, Pain Interference, and Peer Relations scores than those in the least deprived quartile. Significantly more children from the most socially deprived areas were black. Patient age, sex, and fracture type were not significantly different between patients from the least and the most socially deprived quartiles.
Conclusions: Children living in areas of greatest social deprivation report worse Upper Extremity Function, Mobility, Pain Interference, and Peer Relations scores on self-administered PROMIS CATs than children from areas of least social deprivation at presentation for care of upper extremity fractures. The impact of social deprivation on perceived health and function is evident before adulthood and, therefore, interventions to mitigate this effect should be offered to children as well as adults.
Type of study/level of evidence: Prognostic II.
Keywords: PROMIS; Social deprivation; fracture; pediatric; upper extremity.
Copyright © 2018 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.