Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women worldwide and is usually managed with chemoradiation in advanced disease. This case presents a 41-year-old female with locally advanced cervical cancer who underwent combination intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy after chemoradiation for local disease control. At her fifth brachytherapy session, one of the interstitial needles was malpositioned and lead to vascular injury with significant blood loss. She subsequently underwent emergent embolization of a branch of the right obturator artery with immediate clinical improvement and no complications. This is the first reported case of vascular injury from an interstitial brachytherapy needle that required arterial embolization for hemostasis.
Keywords: Bleeding; Cervical cancer; Embolization; Interstitial brachytherapy.