Thermal imaging and planimetry evaluation of the results of chronic wounds treatment with hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Adv Clin Exp Med. 2019 Feb;28(2):229-236. doi: 10.17219/acem/92304.


Background: One of the methods to treat chronic wounds is the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Objective measurement of the wound surface is an important element in the process of monitoring and predicting the progress of treatment.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on ulcer wound healing in patients with chronic venous insufficiency ulcers and diabetic foot syndrome using thermal imaging and computerized planimetry.

Material and methods: During a 3-year period, 284 digital computer planimetry measurements were gathered from 142 patients treated for leg ulcers caused by chronic venous insufficiency and ulcers from diabetic foot syndrome at HBOT Unit of the Dr Stanisław Sakiel Centre for Burns Treatment in Siemianowice Śląskie (Poland). Each patient took 30 HBOT sessions using a Haux multiplace HBO chamber at a pressure of 2.5 atmospheres absolute (ATA). The results of the treatment were monitored by thermovision and computerassisted planimetry measurements performed before and after HBOT.

Results: Both groups of patients exhibited a reduction in the surface and perimeter of the wound after HBOT. The treatment effects were also confirmed by thermal imaging. The areas calculated from thermal imaging and planimetry are different but correlated.

Conclusions: It seems that a combination of thermal imaging and planimetry may enhance the diagnosis as well as provide the physician with more information about therapy effects.

Keywords: chronic wounds; hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT); planimetry; thermal imaging.

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetic Foot / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation*
  • Poland
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Varicose Ulcer / therapy*
  • Wound Healing