Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are subject to a higher-than-usual prevalence of depressive disorders. However, the lack of consensus regarding the best assessment method remains an important problem. Thus, there is a clear need for more effective screening tools and an easily administered, disease-specific self-report measure of depression in MHD patients. After we developed and administered an initial depression inventory for MHD patients (I-DI-MHD), we created the DI-MHD and administered the DI-MHD and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to 354 patients from four hospitals. Reliability, construct validity and receiver operator characteristic curves were assessed. The 17-item DI-MHD instrument displayed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha =0.893), provided excellent convergent validity, and correlated with the BDI scale (kappa =0.785, P <0.001). A factor analysis pattern matrix analysis showed that a four-factor model provided the best account of the data. Finally, the DI-MHD cutoff yielded a sensitivity of 0.97 and a specificity of 0.86, which were slightly better than the corresponding values for the BDI. The DI-MHD scale shows reasonable validity and reliability for assessing depression in MHD patients.
Keywords: Beck Depression Inventory; Depression; Maintenance hemodialysis; Screening instrument.
© 2018 International Society for Apheresis, Japanese Society for Apheresis, and Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy.