Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Non-Fermenting Gram-negative Pathogens Isolated From Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2019 Jan;53(1):84-88. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2018.09.001. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Abstract

Non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) are increasingly cultured in respiratory samples from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. This study determined the antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical CF respiratory isolates from distinct geographical regions. A total of 286 isolates (106 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, 100 Burkholderia spp., 59 Achromobacter spp., 12 Pandoraea spp., 9 Ralstonia spp.) from the Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, USA and Australia were tested. MIC50/90 values and susceptibility categorisation were determined. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) was the most active compound for all micro-organisms (MIC50, 0.12-4 mg/L; MIC90, 1-16 mg/L). For S. maltophilia, 47% and 62% of isolates were susceptible to SXT according to CLSI and EUCAST breakpoints, respectively. Ceftazidime presented lower susceptibility (35%; MIC50, 32 mg/L; MIC90, 256 mg/L). MIC90 values for tobramycin and colistin were >128 mg/L and >16 mg/L, respectively. Regarding Burkholderia, 72%, 56% and 44% were susceptible to SXT, ceftazidime and meropenem, respectively. For both ceftazidime and meropenem, MIC50 and MIC90 values were within the intermediate or resistant category. The most active antibiotics for Achromobacter spp. were SXT (MIC50, 0.5 mg/L; MIC90, 8 mg/L) and imipenem (MIC50, 2 mg/L; MIC90, 8 mg/L). SXT, imipenem and ciprofloxacin were active against 12 Pandoraea spp. (MIC50, 0.12-4 mg/L; MIC90, 1-8 mg/L). Ciprofloxacin (MIC50, 4 mg/L) and SXT (MIC50, 1 mg/L) were the only active antibiotics for Ralstonia spp. There were no statistically significant differences in susceptibility rates between countries. NFGNB other than Pseudomonas aeruginosa are potential pathogens in CF. SXT was demonstrated to be the most active compound against these isolates.

Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility; Cystic fibrosis; Gram-negative non-fermenting bacteria.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Gram-Negative Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents