Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu capsule in the treatment of qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome: a study protocol for a randomised controlled pilot and feasibility trial

Trials. 2018 Sep 21;19(1):515. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2908-9.


Background: Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome (QS&BSS) is one of the common Zhengs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which manifests as various symptoms and signs, such as distending pain or a tingling sensation in a fixed position. In recent years, a number of clinical trials have focused on the effectiveness and safety of XFZYC in patients with a QS&BSS subtype disease, such as coronary heart disease, hyperlipidaemia, ischaemic cerebrovascular disease, gastritis, dysmenorrhoea, or arthritis, in terms of the outcomes of relevant diseases. However, there is lack of evidence of the effects of XFZYC in patients with QS&BSS with different diseases, focusing on the outcomes of Zhengs.

Methods/design: A randomised, controlled, pilot and feasibility trial will be employed in this study, using a 7-week study period. Participants will be recruited from Guang'anmen Hospital, Huguosi TCM Hospital, Wangjing Hospital in China. One hundred and twenty participants will be randomised to a treatment group (Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu Capsule (XFZYC)) and placebo group in a 1:1 ratio. Participants included in the study must be diagnosed with Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome criteria. The outcome measurements will include the traditional Chinese medicine patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale for QS&BSS, the single symptom and sign scale of QS&BSS, and the pain scale of QS&BSS. The clinical data management system ( http://www.tcmcec.net /) will be used to collect and manage the data. Quality control will be used, according to Good Clinical Practice (GCP).

Discussion: Previous studies were expected to evaluate whether the addition of XFZYC to standard routine treatment would enhance the treatment effectiveness and improve the biomedical parameters pertaining to relevant disease. However, this trial is focused on the outcome of Zhengs, and we chose a range of outcome measurements to assess the improvement of relevant symptoms and signs. This trial is the first study designed to define and optimise the outcome measurements of Zhengs of XFZYC in the treatment of patients with QS&BSS.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03091634 . Registered on 12 August 2018. Release date 6 May 2017.

Keywords: Chinese medicine; Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome; Randomised clinical trial; Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu capsule.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial Protocol

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Blood Circulation / drug effects*
  • Capsules
  • China
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / administration & dosage*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic
  • Pain / diagnosis
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Qi*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Syndrome
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Capsules
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu decoction

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03091634