X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) is a rare neuromuscular condition caused by mutations in the MTM1 gene. Female carriers are believed to be usually asymptomatic; nevertheless, recent reports have displayed a wide a spectrum of clinical involvement in females suggesting that MTM1 mutations might be underestimated in this population. Here we report a 55-year-old woman manifesting with an abrupt respiratory decline, whose respiratory function tests revealed a severe restrictive ventilatory defect. The neurological examination identified mild proximal leg weakness and her cardiac evaluation showed a non-compaction cardiomyopathy with normal left ventricle function. Muscle biopsy was consistent with centronuclear myopathy. Next-generation sequencing of 49 genes related to congenital myopathies allowed the identification of a 4 bp deletion in the MTM1 gene, leading to a truncating mutation previously described in males but for the first time reported in a female patient.
Keywords: Cardiomyopathy; Genetics; MTM1; Neuromuscular; X-linked myotubular myopathy.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.