Association between Trichomonas vaginalis and prostate cancer mortality

Int J Cancer. 2019 May 15;144(10):2377-2380. doi: 10.1002/ijc.31885. Epub 2018 Dec 4.


We previously observed a positive association between seropositivity for the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis and risk of clinically significant prostate cancer at diagnosis. Here, we examined whether T. vaginalis seropositivity was associated with increased prostate cancer-specific or all-cause mortality among prostate cancer patients. We studied 736 men with prostate cancer from the Physicians' Health Study (PHS) and 749 men with prostate cancer from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS). We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the association between T. vaginalis serostatus and progression to death from prostate cancer and from all causes. In PHS, 423 men died of any cause during a median follow-up of 13.8 years from the date of cancer diagnosis, among whom 131 died of prostate cancer. In HPFS, there were 287 deaths, including 77 deaths from prostate cancer, during a median follow-up of 12.8 years. We found no association between T. vaginalis serostatus and either prostate cancer mortality or all-cause mortality in either the PHS or HPFS. While previous studies suggest a possible role for T. vaginalis in the development of clinically significant prostate cancer, our findings do not support the hypothesis that T. vaginalis serostatus is associated with mortality among prostate cancer patients.

Keywords: Trichomonas vaginalis; epidemiology; prostate cancer; sexually transmitted infections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostate / parasitology
  • Prostate / pathology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / parasitology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Risk Factors
  • Trichomonas Vaginitis / complications*
  • Trichomonas Vaginitis / pathology
  • Trichomonas vaginalis / pathogenicity*