Comparison of chronological changes in blood characteristics in the atrium and peripheral vessels after the development of non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Thromb Res. 2018 Nov;171:31-37. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2018.09.040. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Abstract

Introduction: Changes in blood characteristics in the atrium and peripheral vessels in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are unclear. We investigated chronological changes in blood characteristics in the atrium and peripheral vessels in a dog model of NVAF by using a total thrombus-formation analysis system (T-TAS).

Materials and methods: In NVAF model dogs (n = 8, 390 bpm rapid atrial pacing), atrial and peripheral blood samples were collected. Using this blood, T-TAS was performed before and 1, 2, and 3 weeks after the onset of rapid atrial pacing.

Results: Occlusion time (OT: time to +80 and +60 kPa in the AR and PL chips, respectively) and area under the flow pressure curve (AUC) were measured using the AR chip (for mixed white thrombus analysis) and PL chip (for platelet thrombus analysis). OT of the AR chip showed shortening as early as 1 week after NVAF onset, which continued for 3 weeks. OT of the PL chip showed significant shortening in atrium blood only 3 weeks after NVAF onset. By contrast, peripheral blood showed no significant changes in OT or AUC with both AR and PL chips.

Conclusions: In our dog model of NVAF, thrombus formation accelerated in the atrium as early as 1 week after NVAF onset and continued for 3 weeks, but no significant changes were found in peripheral blood. We conclude that antithrombotic therapy should be started early after NVAF onset even if no changes in coagulation activity are observed in peripheral blood.

Keywords: AR chip; Non-valvular atrial fibrillation; PL chip; Thrombus formation; Total thrombus-formation system.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Fibrillation / blood*
  • Atrial Fibrillation / complications
  • Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology
  • Blood Coagulation Tests / instrumentation
  • Blood Coagulation*
  • Blood Pressure
  • Dogs
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Heart Atria / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Thrombosis / blood*
  • Thrombosis / etiology
  • Thrombosis / physiopathology