Two cases of monkeypox imported to the United Kingdom, September 2018

Euro Surveill. 2018 Sep;23(38):1800509. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.38.1800509.


In early September 2018, two cases of monkeypox were reported in the United Kingdom (UK), diagnosed on 7 September in Cornwall (South West England) and 11 September in Blackpool (North West England). The cases were epidemiologically unconnected and had recently travelled to the UK from Nigeria, where monkeypox is currently circulating. We describe the epidemiology and the public health response for the first diagnosed cases outside the African continent since 2003.

Keywords: England; Monkeypox; Nigeria; Poxvirus; United Kingdom.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / diagnosis
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / transmission
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / virology*
  • Contact Tracing
  • Humans
  • Monkeypox virus / isolation & purification*
  • Mpox (monkeypox) / diagnosis*
  • Mpox (monkeypox) / virology
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Poxviridae Infections / microbiology
  • Poxviridae Infections / transmission
  • Public Health
  • Risk Assessment
  • Travel*
  • United Kingdom