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, 23 (11-12), 695-706

Augmenter of Liver Regeneration Promotes Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

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Augmenter of Liver Regeneration Promotes Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Li-Li Huang et al. Apoptosis.

Abstract

Mitochondria are the center of energy metabolism in the cell and the preferential target of various toxicants and ischemic injury. Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury triggers proximal tubule injury and the mitochondria are believed to be the primary subcellular target of I/R injury. The promotion of mitochondrial biogenesis (MB) is critical for the prevention I/R injury. The results of our previous study showed that augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) has anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidant functions. However, the modulatory mechanism of ALR remains unclear and warrants further investigation. To gain further insight into the role of ALR in MB, human kidney (HK)-2 cells were treated with lentiviruses carrying ALR short interfering RNA (siRNA) and a model of hypoxia reoxygenation (H/R) injury in vitro was created. We observed that knockdown of ALR promoted apoptosis of renal tubular cells and aggravated mitochondrial injury, as evidenced by the decrease in the mitochondrial respiratory proteins adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase subunit β, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) beta subcomplex 8. Meanwhile, the production of reactive oxygen species was increased and ATP levels were decreased significantly in HK-2 cells, as compared with the siRNA/control group (p < 0.05). In addition, the mitochondrial DNA copy number and membrane potential were markedly decreased. Furthermore, critical transcriptional regulators of MB (i.e., peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 alpha, mitochondrial transcription factor A, sirtuin-1, and nuclear respiratory factor-1) were depleted in the siRNA/ALR group. Taken together, these findings unveil essential roles of ALR in the inhibition of renal tubular cell apoptosis and attenuation of mitochondrial dysfunction by promoting MB in AKI.

Keywords: Augmenter of liver regeneration; Ischemia–reperfusion injury; Mitochondrial biogenesis; Reactive oxygen species.

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