Active-Alert Hypnosis: History, Research, and Applications

Am J Clin Hypn. 2018 Oct;61(2):88-107. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2018.1496318.


After a brief review of the history of the idea of an activity-increasing hypnotic induction procedure with eyes open and pedaling a bicycle ergometer, the features of active-alert hypnotic induction are summarized. Results of research conducted on healthy volunteers revealed the behavioral, experiential, physiological, and interactional characteristics of the induced altered state of consciousness (ASC), showing both similarities and differences between traditional and active-alert hypnosis. A short description of the application of the method is followed by two brief case studies.

Keywords: active-alert hypnosis; behavioral manifestations; neurophysiological indices; subjective experiences; therapeutic application.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Consciousness / physiology*
  • Female
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis / history
  • Hypnosis / methods*