Preventative activity of kimchi on high cholesterol diet-induced hepatic damage through regulation of lipid metabolism in LDL receptor knockout mice

Food Sci Biotechnol. 2017 Dec 12;27(1):211-218. doi: 10.1007/s10068-017-0202-3. eCollection 2018 Feb.


This study investigated the effect of kimchi on hepatic lipid metabolism and inflammatory response. Low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice fed high cholesterol diet (HCD) with an oral administration of kimchi methanol extracts (KME, 200 mg kg bw-1 day-1) or distilled water for 8 weeks (n = 10 per group). Compared with the control group, plasma and hepatic lipid concentrations were lower in the kimchi group (p < 0.05), which was confirmed with hepatic histological examination by Oil Red O staining. Hepatic expressions for fatty acid synthesis were downregulated whereas those for beta-oxidation were upregulated in the kimchi group (p < 0.05). Hepatic expressions for cholesterol synthesis were decreased but those for cholesterol export was increased in the kimchi group (p < 0.05). Moreover, kimchi intake reduced expression for inflammatory cytokines (p < 0.05). Kimchi exerted beneficial effects on HCD-induced hepatic damage by suppressing lipid synthesis and inflammation, and facilitating fatty acid oxidation and cholesterol excretion.

Keywords: High cholesterol diet; Inflammation; Kimchi; Lipid metabolism; Liver disease.