[Rickets/Osteomalacia. Consensus on Vitamin D Deficiency and Insufficiency in Children]

Clin Calcium. 2018;28(10):1307-1311.
[Article in Japanese]


Vitamin D deficiency is usually manifested as rickets in children. Since vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is common worldwide, global consensus has been formulated on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of nutritional rickets represented by vitamin D-deficient rickets. This consensus has defined vitamin D insufficiency as the status with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25OHD)level between 12 and 20 ng/mL and vitamin D deficiency as the status with serum 25OHD level below 12 ng/mL. Generally low dietary calcium(Ca)intake coexists with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in patients with rickets, and it is important to ensure sufficient Ca intake ensure in the management of nutritional rickets.

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / administration & dosage*
  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Humans
  • Osteomalacia
  • Rickets / etiology*
  • Vitamin D / blood
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / complications*
  • Vitamins


  • Vitamins
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium