Background: The E3 Cullin 5-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL5) is a multiprotein complex that has recently been highlighted as a major regulator of central nervous system development. Cullin 5 (Cul5) and the RING finger protein Rbx2 are two CRL5 core components required for CRL5 function in the brain, but their full expression patterns and developmental functions have not been described in detail.
Results: Using a gene-trap mouse model for Cul5 and a knock-in-knockout mouse model for Rbx2, we show that lack of Cul5, but not Rbx2, disrupts blastocyst formation. However, Rbx2 is required for embryo survival at later embryonic stages. We also show that cul5 is expressed in the embryo proper as early as E7.5 and its expression is mostly restricted to the central nervous system and limbs at later time points. Finally, we show that rbx2 and cul5 are co-expressed in most areas of the brain during development and in the adult.
Conclusions: Our results show that Cul5, but not Rbx2, is required during early embryogenesis and suggests that Cul5 has Rbx2-independent functions in early development. In the brain, Cul5 and Rbx2 are expressed in a similar fashion, allowing the nucleation of an active CRL5 complex. Developmental Dynamics 247:1227-1236, 2018. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords: cul5; rbx2; CRL5; Embryogenesis; brain development.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.