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Meta-Analysis
, 63 (1), 15-24

The Number of Implants Required to Support a Maxillary Overdenture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Meta-Analysis

The Number of Implants Required to Support a Maxillary Overdenture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Fabrizio Di Francesco et al. J Prosthodont Res.

Abstract

Purpose: The number of implants needed to support a maxillary overdenture is still a controversial issue. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the number of implants required to support a maxillary overdenture in order to obtain optimal treatment outcomes in terms of implant survival, overdenture longevity and patient satisfaction.

Study selection: Pubmed and EMBASE databes were systematically searched and complemented by hand searching from 2000 to 2017. The Prisma statement and a PICOS approach were adopted. All selected articles provided at least two-year follow-up and 10 totally edentulous patients. Survival rate of implants and overdentures were statistically analyzed according to number of implants and according to splitting technique, employing non-parametric Fisher Test for unpaired data. For the pooled analysis of implant failures, the odds ratio between group of 4 splinted implants and group of more than 4 splinted was calculated.

Results: A total of 28 articles were included. Data analysis of the included studies showed that the survival rate of implants appeared higher in ≥ 4 implants group, whereas the high survival rate of overdentures and patient satisfaction were not significantly influenced by the number of implants.

Conclusions: The findings of our analysis indicate that overall the most frequent tendency is to place at least four implants, splinted or unsplinted, in order to ensure a higher survival rate of implants. However, the relationship between overdenture survival, the patient's quality of life, and the number of implants required to support a maxillary overdenture has yet to be clarified.

Keywords: Edentulous maxilla; Edentulous patient; Maxillary overdenture; Number of implants; Overdenture review.

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