Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the forearm

Phys Sportsmed. 2019 Feb;47(1):27-30. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2018.1530577. Epub 2018 Oct 15.


Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is an overuse injury characterized by increased intracompartmental pressure during exercise. CECS has been described in the foot, thigh, and trunk, but 95% of cases occur in the lower leg. Interestingly, CECS may also affect the upper extremities and has been best described in the forearms. Unfortunately, due to the rarity of this condition, there is no consensus regarding its diagnosis and treatment. This review seeks to discuss the prevalence, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of CECS of the forearms, which has been described in the literature.

Keywords: Orthopedics; compartment syndrome; exertional; forearm; upper extremity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Compartment Syndromes* / diagnosis
  • Compartment Syndromes* / epidemiology
  • Compartment Syndromes* / etiology
  • Compartment Syndromes* / therapy
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders* / etiology
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders* / therapy
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Forearm Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Forearm Injuries* / epidemiology
  • Forearm Injuries* / etiology
  • Forearm Injuries* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis