Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is responsible for nearly 13,000 deaths in the United States every year, predominantly because of metastasis to other bodily organs. However, metastasis of RCC to the stomach occurs rarely; it presents as solitary or multiple polyps or as ulcers concerning for primary gastric carcinoma. Bleeding from metastasis to the stomach is a rare and underrecognized cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. We describe a case of gastrointestinal bleeding in an elderly female who was found to have a gastric polyp of RCC origin.
Case report: An 83-year-old female presented to our hospital for evaluation of an acute right basal ganglia hemorrhage after falling at her nursing home. Her hospital course was notable for melenic stool and anemia. Upper endoscopy revealed a single 40-mm pedunculated polyp and active bleeding on the lesser curvature of the stomach. Polypectomy and clipping were performed. Pathology was consistent with metastatic clear cell RCC. The patient's family declined a referral to oncology for evaluation of the newly diagnosed malignancy and opted for hospice care.
Conclusion: This case illustrates the potential for metastatic RCC to involve the stomach and cause gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia. The case also illustrates the role of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in diagnosing and treating metastatic causes of gastrointestinal bleeding.
Keywords: Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; gastrointestinal neoplasms; intestinal polyps; neoplasm metastasis; renal cell carcinoma.