Excellent 10-year patient-reported outcomes and survival in a single-radius, cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019 Apr;27(4):1106-1115. doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5179-9. Epub 2018 Oct 1.


Purpose: Over 2 million Triathlon single-radius total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) have been implanted worldwide. This study reports the 10-year survival and patient-reported outcome of the Triathlon TKA in a single independent centre.

Methods: From 2006 to 2007, 462 consecutive cruciate-retaining Triathlon TKAs were implanted in 426 patients (median age 69 (21-89), 289 (62.5%) female). Patellae were not routinely resurfaced. Patient-reported outcome measures (SF-12, Oxford Knee Scores (OKS), satisfaction) were assessed preoperatively and at 1, 5 and 10 years when radiographs were reviewed. Forgotten Joint Scores (FJS) were collected at 10 years. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed.

Results: At 10-11.6 years, 123 patients (128 TKAs) had died and 8 TKAs were lost to follow-up. There were four aseptic failures (two cases of tibial loosening, two cases of instability) and four septic failures requiring revision. Symptomatic aseptic radiographic loosening was present in three further cases at 11 years. Four (1%) patellae were secondarily resurfaced. OKS score improved by 17.7 ± 9.7 points at 1 year (p < 0.001), and was maintained at 34.7 ± 9.6 at 10 years with FJS 48.5 ± 31.4. Patient satisfaction was 88% at each timepoint. Ten-year survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval 96.5-99.3) for revision for any reason, 98.9% (97.7-100) for mechanical failure, and 98.6% (97.4-99.8) for aseptic loosening (symptomatic radiographic or revised).

Conclusion: The Triathlon TKA continues to show excellent longer-term results with high implant survivorship, low rates of aseptic failure, consistently maintained PROMs and excellent patient satisfaction rates of 88% at 10 years.

Level of evidence: II, Prospective cohort study.

Keywords: Long-term survival; Patient-reported outcomes; Single-radius knee; Total knee arthroplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Knee Prosthesis*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery*
  • Patella
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Radiography
  • Radius
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivorship
  • Tibia
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult