Introduction: This study was conducted to determine the frequency of complaints in a cohort of patients with symptomatic hemorrhoidal disease (HD) treated with micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF, Detralex). MPFF was selected for conservative treatment in this population owing to its proven effects on hemorrhoidal symptoms in a large number of patients.
Methods: This multicenter, non-interventional study was part of the international CHORUS survey (Chronic venous and HemORrhoidal diseases evalUation for improvement of Scientific knowledge), conducted in nine centers in different regions of Russia with the participation of 80 coloproctologists. The study enrolled consecutive patients with complaints of hemorrhoids. All were prescribed MPFF-based conservative treatment. The effect of treatment on HD clinical signs and symptoms was assessed at two follow-up visits performed 5-7 days and 25-30 days after enrollment. Surgical and minimally invasive treatment could be performed from day 7 onwards if required.
Results: A total of 1952 patients were enrolled. Over the entire period of observation, MPFF-based conservative treatment was effective in 1489 (76.3%) patients in eliminating the main clinical manifestations of disease, i.e., bleeding and prolapse of internal nodes. Invasive treatment was performed in 68 (3.5%) patients with grade IV hemorrhoids and was combined with MPFF conservative treatment in 395 (20.2%) patients with grades I-III hemorrhoids.
Conclusion: Conservative therapy with MPFF was beneficial for relieving hemorrhoidal symptoms in the majority of patients. MPFF-based treatment was most effective in patients with grade I and II hemorrhoids before irreversible degenerative changes in ligaments of the hemorrhoidal plexuses have occurred. It was also beneficial in preventing disease relapse in patients with more advanced HD and for promoting optimal conditions in the postoperative period.
Keywords: Anal pain; Bleeding; Constipation; Hemorrhoidal disease; Micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF).