Establishing synaptic contacts between neurons is paramount for nervous system function. This process involves transsynaptic interactions between a host of cell adhesion molecules that act in cooperation with the proteins of the extracellular matrix to specify unique physiological properties of individual synaptic connections. However, understanding of the molecular mechanisms that generate functional diversity in an input-specific fashion is limited. In this study, we identify that major components of the extracellular matrix proteins present in the synaptic cleft-members of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) family-associate with the GPR158/179 group of orphan receptors. Using the mammalian retina as a model system, we demonstrate that the HSPG member Pikachurin, released by photoreceptors, recruits a key post-synaptic signaling complex of downstream ON-bipolar neurons in coordination with the pre-synaptic dystroglycan glycoprotein complex. We further demonstrate that this transsynaptic assembly plays an essential role in synaptic transmission of photoreceptor signals.
Keywords: HSPG; ON-bipolar cells; heparan sulfate proteoglycan; orphan receptor; retina; ribbon synapse; synaptic specificity; synaptic transmission; transsynaptic interactions; vision.
Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.