Dynamic trafficking of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid glutamate receptors (AMPARs) to synapses is critical for activity-dependent synaptic plasticity underlying learning and memory, but the identity of key molecular effectors remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that membrane depolarization and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation triggers secretion of the chemotropic guidance cue netrin-1 from dendrites. Using selective genetic deletion, we show that netrin-1 expression by excitatory neurons is required for NMDAR-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) in the adult hippocampus. Furthermore, we demonstrate that application of exogenous netrin-1 is sufficient to trigger the potentiation of excitatory glutamatergic transmission at hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapses via Ca2+-dependent recruitment of GluA1-containing AMPARs, promoting the maturation of immature or nascent synapses. These findings identify a central role for activity-dependent release of netrin-1 as a critical effector of synaptic plasticity in the adult hippocampus.
Keywords: AMPA receptor trafficking; CA1 pyramidal neurons; DCC; GluR1; axon guidance; deleted-in-colorectal cancer; long-term potentiation.
Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.