Background: Diabetic medications can cause hypoglycemia, which may lead to myocardial damage.
Objectives: This study sought to determine whether hypoglycemia is associated with higher levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hsTnT).
Methods: The BARI 2D (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes) trial randomized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and stable coronary artery disease, and closely followed them for hypoglycemia over the first year. Hypoglycemia was classified by maximum severity and frequency. hsTnT was measured at baseline and 1 year, and analyzed using multivariable regression.
Results: Of 1,984 patients, follow-up hypoglycemia was absent in 1,026 (52%) patients, mild in 875 (44%), and severe in 83 (4%), and occurred less than weekly in 561 (28%) and greater than or equal to weekly in 397 (20%). hsTnT levels were associated with hypoglycemia: a median of 11.4 ng/l (interquartile range [IQR]: 8.1 to 17.3 ng/l) for none, 12.5 ng/l (IQR: 8.3 to 19.3 ng/l) for mild, and 13.7 ng/l (IQR: 9.9 to 24.9 ng/l) for severe hypoglycemia (p = 0.0001); and 12.5 ng/l (IQR: 8.3 to 18.1 ng/l) for less than weekly and 13.0 ng/l (IQR: 8.8 to 21.1 ng/l) for greater than or equal to weekly hypoglycemia (p = 0.0013). Severe hypoglycemia was associated with 34% higher 1-year hsTnT levels (p < 0.0001) in unadjusted analysis, 17% higher (p = 0.006) after adjustment for baseline factors unrelated to diabetes, and 6% higher (p = 0.23) after further adjustment for the duration and severity of diabetes. Hypoglycemia greater than or equal to weekly was associated with 14% higher hsTnT (p = 0.0003) in unadjusted analysis, 12% higher (p = 0.0002) after adjustment for baseline factors unrelated to diabetes, and 4% higher (p = 0.16) after adjustment for diabetes related factors.
Conclusions: Hypoglycemia was associated with elevated hsTnT levels, but this may be due to more severe diabetes in patients who developed hypoglycemia, rather than the direct result of hypoglycemia. (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation in Type 2 Diabetes [BARI2D]; NCT00006305).
Keywords: biomarkers; cohort studies; coronary disease; diabetes mellitus; hypoglycemia; troponin T.
Copyright © 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.