Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipases C (PI-PLCs) are involved in signaling pathways related to critical cellular functions, such as cell cycle regulation, cell differentiation, and gene expression. Nuclear PI-PLCs have been studied as key enzymes, molecular targets, and clinical prognostic/diagnostic factors in many physiopathologic processes. Here, we summarize the main studies about nuclear PI-PLCs, specifically, the imbalance of isozymes such as PI-PLCβ1 and PI-PLCζ, in cerebral, hematologic, neuromuscular, and fertility disorders. PI-PLCβ1 and PI-PLCɣ1 affect epilepsy, depression, and bipolar disorder. In the brain, PI-PLCβ1 is involved in endocannabinoid neuronal excitability and is a potentially novel signature gene for subtypes of high-grade glioma. An altered quality or quantity of PI-PLCζ contributes to sperm defects that result in infertility, and PI-PLCβ1 aberrant inositide signaling contributes to both hematologic and degenerative muscle diseases. Understanding the mechanisms behind PI-PLC involvement in human pathologies may help identify new strategies for personalized therapies of these conditions.
Keywords: brain; fertility; myelodysplastic syndromes; myotonic dystrophy; nucleus; phospholipase C.
Copyright © 2019 Ratti et al.