PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM IN THE YOUNG: COMPARISON WITH ADULT PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM

Endocr Pract. 2018 Dec;24(12):1051-1056. doi: 10.4158/EP-2018-0268. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Abstract

Objective: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is relatively common among adults but rarely encountered in children and adolescents. According to the western literature, young PHPT is different from adult PHPT and is associated with more severe hypercalcemia. PHPT in the adult Indian population is different from its western counterpart. Here we present the clinical, biochemical, and surgical characteristics of young patients with PHPT treated at our tertiary care center.

Methods: PHPT patients were divided into adult (≥25 years) and young (<25 years) groups. The clinical, biochemical, hormonal, and histopathologic characteristics and treatment outcomes in the groups were compared.

Results: Out of 358 patients, 47 patients were young and 311 patients were adults. The mean ages of the groups were 19 ± 4 and 45 ± 12 years, respectively. The corresponding female-to-male ratios were 1.24:1 and 3.38:1 ( P<.05). The nature and frequency of presenting symptoms were comparable between the 2 groups. The most common symptom in young patients with PHPT was bone pain and was not significantly different from adults (57% vs. 61%, respectively). The most common symptom in adult PHPT was fatigue, which was also not significantly different from young patients (63% vs. 53%, respectively), The serum calcium, phosphate, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels; alkaline phosphatase Z-score; and parathyroid hormone levels were comparable between the 2 groups. Parathyroid adenoma was the most common histopathologic finding, while hyperplasia was rare in both groups.

Conclusion: We observed that young PHPT is not markedly different from its adult counterpart in an Indian population.

Abbreviations: ALP = alkaline phosphatase; Ca = calcium; Cr = creatinine; iPTH = intact parathyroid hormone; 25(OH)D = 25-hydroxyvitamin D; P = phosphate; PHPT = primary hyperparathyroidism; PTH = parathyroid hormone; RR = reference range; 99mTc sestamibi = technetium sestamibi; USG = ultrasonography.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Calcium
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Primary*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Parathyroid Neoplasms
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • Calcium