Dysbiosis in Snoring Children: An Interlink to Comorbidities?

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Feb;68(2):272-277. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002161.


Background and objectives: Early microbial colonization has a key impact on infant health through nutritional, immunological, and metabolic programming. The origin of child snoring is multifactorial and complex, and may thereby also generate long-term health problems. The link between child snoring and gut microbes remains unclear, although indirect evidence exists regarding this relationship. This study aimed to characterize the connection between gut microbiota and child snoring.

Methods: In a prospective, observational CHILD-SLEEP birth cohort study, gut microbiota in a subcohort of 43 of these children at 2 years of life was profiled with 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplicon sequencing.

Results: A higher abundance of the Proteobacteria phylum, the Enterobacteriaceae family, and Erysipelotrichaceae family, as well as a higher ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes were detected in snorers as compared to controls. Furthermore, snorers showed significantly lower microbial diversity and richness than non-snorers.

Conclusions: The snoring children manifest different gut microbiota as compared with healthy children. Considering that snoring and sleep disorders can be a source of long-term consequences, including cardiovascular, metabolic, immunological, neurocognitive and behavioral consequences, our results proposes early microbiota as a new treatment target.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Dysbiosis / complications
  • Dysbiosis / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Snoring / microbiology*


  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S