Background: Despite its established benefits, palliative care (PC) is rarely utilized for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients. We sought to examine transplant physicians' perceptions of PC.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of transplant physicians recruited from the American-Society-for-Blood-and-Marrow-Transplantation. Using a 28-item questionnaire adapted from prior studies, we examined physicians' access to PC services, and perceptions of PC. We computed a composite score of physicians' attitudes about PC (mean = 16.9, SD = 3.37) and explored predictors of attitudes using a linear mixed model.
Results: 277/1005 (28%) of eligible physicians completed the questionnaire. The majority (76%) stated that they trust PC clinicians to care for their patients, but 40% felt that PC clinicians do not have enough understanding to counsel HSCT patients about their treatments. Most endorsed that when patients hear the term PC, they feel scared (82%) and anxious (76%). Nearly half (46%) reported that the service name 'palliative care' is a barrier to utilization. Female sex (β = 0.85, P = .024), having <10 years of clinical practice (β = 1.39, P = .004), and perceived quality of PC services (β = 0.60, P < .001) were all associated with a more positive attitude towards PC. Physicians with a higher sense of ownership over their patients' PC issues (β = -0.36, P < .001) were more likely to have a negative attitude towards PC.
Conclusions: The majority of transplant physicians trust PC, but have substantial concerns about PC clinicians' knowledge about HSCT and patients' perception of the term 'palliative care'. Interventions are needed to promote collaboration, improve perceptions, and enhance integration of PC for HSCT recipients.
Keywords: attitudes about palliative care; barriers to palliative care; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); perceptions of palliative care; unmet palliative care needs..
© 2018 American Cancer Society.