The ventral striatopallidothalamic projection: II. The ventral pallidothalamic link

J Comp Neurol. 1987 Jan 22;255(4):592-605. doi: 10.1002/cne.902550410.


The projection of ventral pallidal neurons to the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus (MD) was examined in rats by combined retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) after injections in the MD and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) immunocytochemistry at light and electron microscopic levels, with and without prior exposure of the brains to colchicine. HRP was transported to the soma of medium-sized and large ventral pallidum neurons, which along with their long, large dendrites were contacted by many glutamate decarboxylase immunoreactive synaptic boutons. The retrograde tracer positive neurons bore a remarkable resemblance to the projecting cells of the globus pallidus and entopeduncular nucleus. When colchine exposure was included in the tissue preparation, some but not all tracer positive cells also exhibited cytoplasmic GAD immunoreactivity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Colchicine / pharmacology
  • Corpus Striatum / physiology*
  • Globus Pallidus / metabolism
  • Globus Pallidus / physiology*
  • Globus Pallidus / ultrastructure
  • Glutamate Decarboxylase / metabolism
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Immunochemistry
  • Male
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Neurons / ultrastructure
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Synaptic Transmission*
  • Thalamic Nuclei / metabolism
  • Thalamus / metabolism
  • Thalamus / physiology*
  • Thalamus / ultrastructure


  • Glutamate Decarboxylase
  • Colchicine