Background: Given the rising utilization of medical imaging and the risks of radiation, there is increased interest in reducing radiation exposure. The objective of this study was to evaluate, as a proof of principle, CT scans performed at radiation doses equivalent to that of a posteroanterior and lateral chest radiograph series in the cystic lung disease lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM).
Methods: From November 2016 to May 2018, 105 consecutive subjects with LAM received chest CT scans at standard and ultra-low radiation doses. Standard and ultra-low-dose images, respectively, were reconstructed with routine iterative and newer model-based iterative reconstruction. LAM severity can be quantified as cyst score (percentage of lung occupied by cysts), an ideal benchmark for validating CT scans performed at a reduced dose compared with a standard dose. Cyst scores were quantified using semi-automated software and evaluated by linear correlation and Bland-Altman analysis.
Results: Overall, ultra-low-dose CT scans represented a 96% dose reduction, with a median dose equivalent to 1 vs 22 posteroanterior and lateral chest radiograph series (0.14 mSv; 5th-95th percentile, 0.10-0.20 vs standard dose 3.4 mSv; 5th-95th percentile, 1.5-7.4; P < .0001). The mean difference in cyst scores between ultra-low- and standard-dose CT scans was 1.1% ± 2.0%, with a relative difference in cyst score of 11%. Linear correlation coefficient was excellent at 0.97 (P < .0001).
Conclusions: In LAM chest CT scan at substantial radiation reduction to doses equivalent to that of a posteroanterior and lateral chest radiograph series provides cyst score quantification similar to that of standard-dose CT scan.
Keywords: CT scan; lymphangioleiomyomatosis; radiation dose.
Published by Elsevier Inc.