Sleep Disorders

Am J Med. 2019 Mar;132(3):292-299. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.09.021. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Abstract

Sleep disorders are frequent and can have serious consequences on patients' health and quality of life. While some sleep disorders are more challenging to treat, most can be easily managed with adequate interventions. We review the main diagnostic features of 6 major sleep disorders (insomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, hypersomnia/narcolepsy, parasomnias, and restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder) to aid medical practitioners in screening and treating sleep disorders as part of clinical practice.

Keywords: Insomnia; Neurological disease; Parasomnia; Sleep apnea; Sleep disorder.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Central Nervous System Depressants / therapeutic use
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / therapeutic use
  • Chronobiology Disorders / diagnosis
  • Chronobiology Disorders / therapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • Disorders of Excessive Somnolence / diagnosis
  • Disorders of Excessive Somnolence / therapy
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening
  • Melatonin / therapeutic use
  • Narcolepsy / diagnosis
  • Narcolepsy / therapy
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome / therapy
  • Parasomnias / diagnosis
  • Parasomnias / therapy
  • Phototherapy
  • Polysomnography
  • Restless Legs Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Restless Legs Syndrome / therapy
  • Sleep Aids, Pharmaceutical / therapeutic use
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / therapy
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / therapy
  • Sleep Latency
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / therapy*

Substances

  • Central Nervous System Depressants
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Sleep Aids, Pharmaceutical
  • Melatonin

Grant support