Results of universal ultrasound screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip: a prospective follow-up of 28 092 consecutive infants

Bone Joint J. 2018 Oct;100-B(10):1399-1404. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.100B10.BJJ-2017-1539.R2.


Aims: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of the different ultrasound phenotypes of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), and to determine their subsequent course.

Patients and methods: A consecutive series of 28 092 neonates was screened and classified according to the Graf method as part of a nationwide surveillance programme, and then followed prospectively. Abnormal hips were followed until they became normal (Graf type I). Type IIb hips and higher grades were treated by abduction in a Tübinger orthosis until normal. Dislocated hips underwent closed or open reduction.

Results: Overall, 90.2% of hips were normal at birth. Type IIa hips (8.9%) became normal at a median of six weeks (interquartile range (IQR) 6 to 9). Type IIc and IId hips (0.67%) became normal after ten weeks (IQR 7 to 13). There were 19 type lll and eight type lV hips at baseline. There were 24 closed reductions and one open reduction. No late presentations of DDH were detected within the first five years of life.

Conclusion: The incidence of DDH was eight per 1000 live births. The treatment rate was 1% (n = 273). The rate of first operations on the newborn hip was 0.86, and rate of open surgery was 0.04. The cumulative rate of open surgery was 0.07. The authors take the view that early identification and treatment in abduction of all dysplastic hips in early childhood reduces the rate of open reduction and secondary DDH-related surgery later in life. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:1399-1404.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Austria / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / epidemiology
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / therapy
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Neonatal Screening / methods*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography