Raising awareness, screening and prevention of chronic kidney disease: It takes more than a village

Nephrology (Carlton). 2018 Oct:23 Suppl 4:107-111. doi: 10.1111/nep.13459.


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem worldwide. Its prevalence and incidence are increasing, particularly among the ethnic minority populations. Diabetes, hypertension and obesity have been the three major aetiologies for CKD in all developed countries. While diabetes and hypertension remain the major causes of CKD in developing countries, environmental pollution, pesticides, water, analgesic abuse and herbal medications are common causes in these regions. Rapid urbanization and globalization are thought to be the contributing factors to rising prevalence and incidents of CKD. Despite the rising prevalence of CKD, disease awareness remains profoundly low. Worldwide, only 6% of the general population and 10% of the high-risk population are aware of their CKD statuses. Health screenings have been shown to be effective in improving the incidence of ESRD. However, currently there is no effective tool to assess and evaluate the awareness objectively.

Keywords: Awareness; Kidney; Screening.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / ethnology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / prevention & control*
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prevalence
  • Preventive Health Services / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / ethnology
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / prevention & control*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / therapy
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors