Taking Sharper Pictures of Malaria with CAMERAs: Combined Antibodies to Measure Exposure Recency Assays

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Nov;99(5):1120-1127. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0303.


Antibodies directed against malaria parasites are easy and inexpensive to measure but remain an underused surveillance tool because of a lack of consensus on what to measure and how to interpret results. High-throughput screening of antibodies from well-characterized cohorts offers a means to substantially improve existing assays by rationally choosing the most informative sets of responses and analytical methods. Recent data suggest that high-resolution information on malaria exposure can be obtained from a small number of samples by measuring a handful of properly chosen antibody responses. In this review, we discuss how standardized multi-antibody assays can be developed and efficiently integrated into existing surveillance activities, with potential to greatly augment the breadth and quality of information available to direct and monitor malaria control and elimination efforts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood*
  • Antibody Formation
  • Antigens, Protozoan / immunology
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Malaria / immunology*
  • Malaria / prevention & control*
  • Plasmodium falciparum / immunology*
  • Serologic Tests / methods
  • Serologic Tests / standards*


  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Protozoan