Determination of radiological hazard parameters in sea snails (Rapana venosa) in the East Black Sea Coast of Turkey

Mar Pollut Bull. 2018 Oct;135:441-445. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.07.060. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the activity concentrations and radiological hazard parameters of 137Cs and 40K in soft tissue samples of sea snails (Rapana venosa) collected from 12 different stations in the East Black Sea coastal area of Turkey. The values in soft tissues of sea snail samples with three different sizes were between 0.31 and 1.79 Bq kg-1 for 137Cs and 163.9 and 269.4 Bq kg-1 for 40K. The mean activity concentrations of 137Cs and 40K in tissues of small-sized sea snails were determined to be higher than those of 137Cs and 40K in soft tissues of the other sizes. The determined activity concentration values were lower than the concentrations reported in similar studies. Radiological hazard parameters such as the daily intake (Dint) of 137Cs and 40K, annual committed effective dose (Eeff), and lifetime cancer risk (LCR) were calculated and compared with the international recommended values.

Keywords: Black Sea; Radioactivity; Radiological parameters; Sea snail.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Black Sea
  • Cesium Radioisotopes / analysis*
  • Ecotoxicology / methods
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Potassium Radioisotopes / analysis*
  • Snails / chemistry*
  • Turkey
  • Water Pollutants, Radioactive / analysis*

Substances

  • Cesium Radioisotopes
  • Potassium Radioisotopes
  • Water Pollutants, Radioactive
  • Cesium-137