A patient-calibrated individual wax-up as an essential tool for planning and creating a patient-oriented treatment concept for pathological tooth wear

Int J Esthet Dent. 2018;13(4):476-492.


Tooth wear is generally a physiological process; however, it can also be a pathological condition associated with attrition, abrasion, and erosion processes in which the quantity of tooth loss is atypical for the patient's age. Tooth substance loss often causes functional problems, symptoms of discomfort/pain, and esthetic impairments. Patients presenting this condition frequently need restorative treatment, combined with an increase in the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO). A diagnostic wax-up (DWU) provides assistance in determining a new occlusal plane and VDO, and is a fundamental tool considering the backward planning involved in the execution of a complex rehabilitation. In cases of severe tooth wear, preventive measures must be taken. Yet, when a restorative intervention is needed, the use of a DWU, in conjunction with a mock-up, helps to achieve a predictable and satisfactory outcome. This article presents a case report of a young female patient with pathological tooth wear, related symptomatology, and esthetic complaints. Initially, a DWU and a diagnostic mock-up were created. After esthetic and functional corrections, a second DWU was generated and transferred to the patient's mouth by means of a therapeutic mock-up. This mock-up was used as a trial restoration for the pretreatment phase, to evaluate the new VDO/esthetics/function and to guide tooth preparation. Lithium disilicate (LS2) occlusal onlays were used to stabilize the VDO, and anterior LS2 and feldspathic veneers, combined with direct composite restorations, were executed to reach the planned minimally invasive result.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dental Impression Technique*
  • Dental Prosthesis Design*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / methods*
  • Esthetics, Dental
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Patient Care Planning*
  • Patient-Centered Care*
  • Tooth Wear / rehabilitation*
  • Vertical Dimension