T-cell lymphoma with rhabdomyolysis: case report and literature review

Braz J Med Biol Res. 2018;51(11):e6278. doi: 10.1590/1414-431X20176278. Epub 2018 Oct 8.


Rhabdomyolysis refers to the destruction or disintegration of striated muscles. This syndrome is characterized by muscle breakdown and necrosis, resulting in the leakage of intracellular muscle constituents into the circulation and extracellular fluid. We report a rare case of rhabdomyolysis complicating multi-organ failure caused by T-cell lymphoma in a 32-year-old woman. The final diagnosis was rhabdomyolysis caused by peripheral T-cell lymphoma based on bone marrow aspirate and biopsy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / etiology
  • Adult
  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Bone Marrow / pathology
  • Bone Marrow Neoplasms / complications*
  • Bone Marrow Neoplasms / pathology
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell / complications*
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology
  • Rhabdomyolysis / etiology*