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Case Reports
, 63 (4), 203-206

Pharmacokinetics of Ceftolozane-Tazobactam During Prolonged Intermittent Renal Replacement Therapy

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Case Reports

Pharmacokinetics of Ceftolozane-Tazobactam During Prolonged Intermittent Renal Replacement Therapy

Matthew Rawlins et al. Chemotherapy.

Abstract

Background: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT) eliminates many drugs, and without dosing data, for new antibiotics like ceftolozane/tazobactam, suboptimal concentrations and treatment failure are likely.

Objectives: Herein, we describe the effect of PIRRT on the plasma pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane/tazobactam ad-ministered in a critically ill 55-year-old patient with a polymicrobial sternal wound osteomyelitis, including a multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Method: Blood samples were taken over 4 days where the patient received a 7.5-h PIRRT treatment. One- and 2-compartment models were tested for ceftolozane and tazobactam separately, and the log-likelihood ratio and goodness-of-fit plots were used to select the final model.

Results: Two-compartment models were developed for ceftolozane and tazobactam separately and described significant differences in clearance of ceftolozane and tazobactam with and without PIRRT (8.273 vs. 0.393 and 8.020 vs. 0.767 L/h, respectively).

Conclusions: A ceftolozane/tazobactam dose of 500 mg/250 mg appears to be sufficient to attain pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targets during PIRRT while the manufacturer's recommended dosing of 100 mg/50 mg every 8 h was sufficient during non-PIRRT periods.

Keywords: Antibiotics; Dosing; Extended daily dialysis; Renal replacement therapy; Sustained low efficiency dialysis.

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