Vestibular Migraine with Visual Aura and Olfactory Hallucination in Children: Two Case Reports

Neuropediatrics. 2018 Dec;49(6):414-416. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673642. Epub 2018 Oct 10.


Background: Approximately 3.9% children with migraine have olfactory hallucination which was defined as a perception of a smell without the substantial existence of any physical odor.

Case: We described the first two cases of children with vestibular migraine, presenting visual aura and olfactory hallucination. ​ We reported two children with vertigo, visual aura, and olfactory hallucination before the headache who were responsive to topiramate.

Conclusion: The clinical description of olfactory hallucination presented some characteristics of migraine aura. Olfactory hallucinations could be inserted as a migraine aura in International Classification of Headache Disorders.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Female
  • Hallucinations / etiology
  • Hallucinations / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Migraine with Aura / complications
  • Migraine with Aura / physiopathology*
  • Olfactory Perception / physiology*
  • Vertigo / etiology
  • Vertigo / physiopathology*
  • Visual Perception / physiology*